Four vaccine candidates—two in the US, one in China, and one in the UK—have been approved for early testing in people


The Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), a nonprofit dedicated to the development of vaccines against emerging infectious diseases, has been one source of cash for this endeavor, with a total of nearly $30 million so far invested in several candidates, including the first to be injected into trial participants. The organization plans to advance the top six of these candidates into larger efficacy trials with thousands of participants. 

Another bolus of funds comes from the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA), part of the HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, which is contributing hundreds of millions of dollars to two top vaccine candidates: one made by Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen division and another developed by Moderna in collaboration with the US government that was injected into the first trial participants last month at the Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute in Seattle. In their announcement this week, J&J and BARDA said that the funds would be put toward both ushering the potential vaccines through clinical development and setting up manufacturing capacity simultaneously.